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Valerie Halbinger Chartered Counselling Psychologist. BABCP Accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist. Accredited EMDR Consultant
The treatment

The different treatments offered will depend on your goal and our understanding of your problem.  However, there are a variety of different treatments.  The following list presents a brief outline of each of the treatments. 




  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
  • Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR)
  • Person Centered Therapy S
  • Schema Therapy


 Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)



CBT helps you to understand your problems, and how these affect your thoughts (cognitions), feelings and what you do (behaviours). 

Together we would help you establish your goals and then develop a plan to help you to achieve these. 


My role as your therapist is to listen, teach and encourage you to express your concerns and develop ways of recognising any unhelpful or destructive patterns of thinking and reacting, then then work towards modifying or replacing these with more realistic and helpful ways of living.   Research has shown CBT to be highly effective with a range of problems, such as depression; phobias, panic and anxiety, obsessions, compulsions and stress reactions.



Person-centered Therapy


The person-centred approach is the basis for all treatments and maintains that three core conditions are essential to help you.  These core conditions are: -

  1. Unconditional positive regard
  2. Empathic understanding
  3. Congruence


The first, unconditional positive regard means that I will accept you unconditionally and non-judgementally. You will be free to explore all thoughts and feelings, positive or negative, without danger of rejection or condemnation. The second, empathic understanding means that I will try to accurately understand your thoughts, feelings, and meanings from your own perspective.  The aim of this is to demonstrate to you that your view has value and also that you are accepted.  The third, congruence means that I should be both authentic and genuine.  I will not therefore, present an aloof professional facade, but will be present and transparent to you. There will be no air of authority or hidden knowledge, and you will not have to speculate about what I am 'really like'.


Together, these three core conditions are believed to enable you to develop and grow in your own way that strengthens and expands your own identity in order to become the person that you 'really' are, independently of the pressures from others to act or think in particular ways.




EMDR is a complex and powerful therapy and there has been much research conducted that demonstrate the benefits in treating psychological trauma arising from experiences such as war related experiences, childhood sexual and/or physical abuse or neglect, natural disaster, assault, surgical trauma, road traffic accidents and workplace accidents. More recently it is being used to help people with other issues and performance anxiety. EMDR has been found to be of benefit to children as well as adults. 


As an EMDR therapist we spend a considerable time working out the difficulty you wish to work on and preparing you for treatment.  This includes relaxation exercises, ‘safe or pleasant place’ exercises, guided visualisation and any other resources you may need to help you cope. Once you and your therapist feel that you are sufficiently prepared, you focus on one aspect of the distressing memory whilst focusing on a short set of eye movements or other forms of left-right alternating stimulation, such as sound or taps. After each set of eye movements, you will be asked what came to mind or what you noticed during the eye movements. During the eye movements you may experience the distressing event quite intensely to start with, but this distress generally reduces as the memory is processed with EMDR. Your therapist will continue with the eye movements until your distress is reduced as much as possible. Before the end of the session, your therapist will give you time to feel calm again, using the safe-pleasant place exercises.  EMDR is not a form of hypnotism. Even though you are moving your eyes during EMDR you will remain conscious and in control at all times.


Schema Therapy

Schema-focused therapy is based on examining your schemas (beliefs about yourself and the world) that developed during your childhood and are elaborated throughout your life.  We all view the world through our schemas and they are self-perpetuating, and are very resistant to change.  Even though schemas persist once they are formed, they are not always in our awareness.  Usually they operate in subtle ways, out of our awareness.  However, when a schema erupts or is triggered by events, our thoughts and feelings are dominated by these schemas.  It is at these moments that people tend to experience extreme negative thoughts and emotions.  Schema-Focused Therapy consists of three stages. First, the assessment phase, in which schemas are identified.  Questionnaires may well be used to get a clear picture of the various patterns involved.  Next is the emotional awareness and experiential phase, whereby you get in touch with these schemas and learn how to spot them and when they are operating in your day-to-day life. Thirdly, the behavioural change stage becomes the focus, during which time you are actively involved in replacing negative, habitual thoughts and behaviours with new, healthy cognitive and behavioural options.




 Promoting a healthy mind & happier life



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